The Future of Everything covers innovation and technology that transforms the way we live, work and play, with monthly editions on health, money, artificial intelligence and more. This month it’s Cities & Real Estate, online starting June 4 and in the newspaper June 11.
As the land dedicated to cities expands, a concrete jungle of heat-absorbing pavements, roofs, and other surfaces could cause summer temperatures to rise by an average of 0.5 to 0.7 degrees Celsius, and up to 3 degrees Celsius in some places, according a study of 2019 published in the journal Environmental Research Letters, a phenomenon known as the “urban heat island”.
To mitigate local warming, cities like Milan have wrapped high-rise condo facades and balconies in expansive vertical gardens. A dense pile of vegetation can help keep a building cool by creating natural shade and releasing moisture into the air, says Theodore Endreny, professor of environmental resource engineering at SUNY College of Environmental and Forest Sciences. The increases compact foliage trees and plants naturally provided benefits when planted on sidewalks or ceilings, including removal of contamination, sequestration of carbon dioxide and oxygen production.
Crews urban and certified arborists tree climbers will be hired to rappel in buildings and maintaining these ecosystems, and most buildings sprouting says Dr. Endreny. You will need to have experience in horticulture to prune trees and transplant if needed and to identify and eliminate pests he says.
environmental engineers could join these teams to monitor the effects of urban pollution on vegetation and make sure it provides optimal services. “It will certainly be like a circus,” says Dr. Endreny.
An increase in temperature of the planet means more people will crank up their air conditioners during heat waves, forcing power grids and potentially increase electricity bills, according to 2018 a report by the International Energy Agency. Taxed power systems could fail more frequently, leaving populations trapped indoors in extreme heat, according to recent research published in the journal Environmental Science & Technology.
Entering cooling experts. The use of sensors and advanced software, which will assess the energy footprint of a home and offer a package as high and low technology, services to reduce electricity costs and make cooling more efficient, says Brian Dean, lead for energy efficiency and cooling to Sustainable Energy for All, a United Nations-backed group that advocates for the energy transition. While energy consultants and offer these services in real estate business, who are not experts dedicated to residential buildings where cooling costs tend to lower being, says Eli Goldstein, executive director of Skycool Systems based in California, a company that develops air conditioning systems.
When assessing the size of a home, experts might recommend planting a tree to create natural shade, installing external blinds to block solar heat and let in cool air, and using reflective paint to further keep heat away, says Dean. . You will have to have a technical degree and be certified to carry out energy audits. “It’s not just, ‘I’m here to sell an air conditioner,'” he says.
When eating locked rooms during the even high-end restaurants to embrace pandemic, and delivery, shipping elaborate spreads to diners’ homes. Meanwhile, ghost kitchens, or the delivery of just, app-enabled restaurants, is projected to be a $ 1 trillion market in the next decade, according to research firm Euromonitor International.
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What about missing the candlelight, table cloth cover and the server that clients know their names? “That has not been reflected yet in the delivery experience,” says Scott Landers, co-founder of the consulting firm restaurants Figure 8 Logistics, based in New York.
In the future, customers ordering from ghost kitchens could have come to their homes to trained servers, pick up a drone delivery at their doorstep, set up a table and serve them as restaurant staff would, Landers says. This detail-oriented employee should have experience working in catering and be able to operate without a manager. An extensive background check may be required. “This will not be the kind of normal delivery driver,” he says.
Even as autonomous vehicles begin to redefine urban mobility, a human presence on board could help reassure passengers who otherwise would feel uncomfortable traveling alone in a vehicle without a driver.
“We do not like to observe us only by CCTV,” says Marcus Enoch, professor of transport strategy at the University of Loughborough in England.
Mass transportation will also have to be adapted to accommodate a growing population of seniors. Vehicles such as buses self-driving could be equipped with trained to help seniors and people with disabilities, says Sarah Kaufman, associate director of the Rudin Center at New York University for transporting attendees. These employees would be able to recognize a health emergency, including stroke, and provide medical care. “Having human presence is important for young people to have someone with whom to communicate,” says Kaufman.
Some attendants could act as security at night, he says, and alert transportation authorities if mechanical problems arise. Other terminal could help basket or food bags a passenger out of autonomous transport and a taxi robot or drone, says Dr. Enoch.
Charging station valet service
Drivers have to learn to navigate a new infrastructure such as electric cars begin to supplant gas vehicles and electrical outlets replace service stations.
These changes will stimulate the growth of industry focused on providing users with load-related services, says Bryan Reimer, a research scientist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Center for Transportation and Logistics. Car owners and municipalities will have to hire electricians trained mechanical skills to install, maintain and train private and public charge repair says.
Raised in public charging stations could help drivers as much as employees of today’s gas stations, says Kaufman New York University Ms. Car owners who choose to recharge their vehicle by changing batteries can get a subscription for a worker go to your parking lot and make the change, she says.
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